Should I Change My Name ?
Many people who convert to Islam make an active choice to change their name to denote the beginning of a new life, a new start and a new religion. We must remember however that it is not obligatory for a person to change their name except under very specific circumstances. A person is in no way obliged to change their name unless it denotes servitude to someone or something other than Allah or has a forbidden meaning. However, Islam tells us that every person will be influenced by the meanings and connotations associated with his name, and therefore we should name our children with "good" names. This is equally true when a person converts to Islam. They should at the very least consider the meaning of their name and what it denotes or calls to mind. Whether we like it or not names do carry meanings and they evoke images or preconceptions about the person so named. This was the main reason why Prophet Muhammad (peace & blessings be upon him) suggested that some people change their names.
Let us therefore take a closer look at choosing and changing your name upon conversion to Islam.
It is essential that a person attributes his or her lineage to their biological father, whether he is Muslim or not. Prophet Muhammad said that, "Whoever claims knowingly to belong to someone other than his father will be denied Paradise."[Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim] Thus even if a person decides to change their name to one more befitting their new religion they would not change the second or what is called in the west, the surname.
A women should not take her husband’s surname:
There is no blood tie between the husband and wife, so how can she take his surname as if she is part of the same lineage? Moreover, she may get divorced, or her husband may die, and she may marry another man. Will she keep changing her surname every time she marries another man? Furthermore, there are rulings attached to her being named after her father, which have to do with inheritance, spending and who is a mahram, etc. Taking her husband’s surname overlooks all that. The husband is named after his own father, and what does she have to do with the lineage of her husband’s father? This goes against common sense and true facts. The husband has nothing that makes him better than his wife so that she should take his surname, whilst he takes his father’s name.
It is forbidden to choose names belonging only to Allah. These include names such as Al-Ahad (The One), As-Samad (The Eternal), Al-Khaaliq (The Creator), Al-Razzaaq (The Provider), and Al-Jabbaar (The Compeller). [Sh. Ibnul Qayyim in Tuhfat al-Mawdood, p. 98]. It is forbidden to use any name which implies enslavement to anything or anyone besides Allah, such as 'Abdul-'Uzza (slave of al-'Uzza - a pagan goddess), 'Abdul-Ka'bah (slave of the Ka'bah), 'Abdul- 'Ali (slave of 'Ali), 'Abdul-Husayn (slave of Husayn). It is also forbidden to use names belonging to idols or deities, or a name that has obvious pagan origins.
There are a number of categories of names that are very much disliked even though they are not out rightly forbidden. These include names that have bad or distasteful meanings, or which sound odd, or would cause embarrassment. Names such as these are contrary to the guidance of Prophet Muhammad who taught us to choose good names. It is also not recommended to use names that are provocative or sexy or that convey any sense of sin and disobedience to Allah. There is also some difference of opinion among the scholars of Islam as to whether believers should use the names of angels or surahs of the Quran.
Arabic or Non Arabic Names
Islam came to the Arabs and the non-Arabs, thus it is not essential for a new Muslim to take an Arabic name, rather what is important is that the name should not be ugly or have a meaning that goes against Islam. If the non-Arabic name has a good meaning, there is nothing wrong with using it. Many Persians and Byzantines embraced Islam and kept their names, and did not change them. Indeed many of the Prophets had names that were not Arabic because they were not Arabs. Yet the Prophets all had good names and gave good names to their children, which they took from their particular customs and traditions. Examples include Ishaaq (Isaac), Musa (Moses) and Haron (Aaron).
Prophet Muhammad (peace & blessings be upon him) made it very clear that parents (and thus those who change their names upon converting to Islam) should use what he termed good names. The parents should choose a good name for their child, and it should not be weird or odd in the society in which they live, because having an odd name may cause the name or its owner to be teased or ridiculed.
There are five distinct categories of good names. The first consists of the names Abdullah and 'Abd ur-Rahman. It was reported that the Prophet Muhammad said, "The most beloved of names to Allah are Abdullah and 'Abdur-Rahman ." The second category is all the names which express enslavement to and worship of Allah, such as 'Abdul-Azeez, 'Abdur-Raheem, 'Abdul-Malik, 'Abdus-Salaam, etc. The third category is the names of Prophets and the fourth, the names of the righteous particularly the companions of Prophet Muhammad. Finally, the fifth category is any other name which has a good and pleasant meaning.
Changing One's name Officially:
If changing one's name in official documents and records poses a great inconvenience, it would suffice to change it amongst his family and acquaintances. In such a situation he or she is called by his or her new name by friends, acquaintances, and the general public, while official documents would retain the original given name. This does not cause problems and is perfectly acceptable. Many people worry unnecessarily that non-Arabic or non-Muslim sounding names will interfere with the ability to do Hajj or Umrah. This is not the case. The validity of a person's Hajj or Umrah has nothing to do with their name. When apply for the Hajj or Umrah entry visa, it should be sufficient to take a certificate from the local Islamic centre proving that the person has embraced Islam [Please contact the Saudi Consulate or Embassy in your country for confirmation (or visit their website) and for other Hajj and Umrah requirements].