Is it not true that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has copied the Qur'an from the bible?
1. Question: Muhummad (pbuh) learnt the qur'an from a roman blacksmith who was a Christian ?. Answer: Some pagans accused the prophet of learning the qur'an from a roman blacksmith, who was a christian staying at the outskirts of makkah. The prophet very often used to go and watch him do his work. A revelation of the qur'an was sufficient to dismiss this charge - the qur'an says in surah an-nahl chapter 16 verse 103:
"we know indeed that they say, 'it is a man that teaches him,' the tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is arabic, pure and clear."
How could a person whose mother tongue was foreign and could hardly speak little but of poor broken arabic be the source of the qur'an which is pure, eloquent, fine arabic? To believe that the blacksmith taught the prophet the qur'an is some what similar to believing that a chinese immigrant to england, who did not know proper english, taught shakespeare.
2. Question: Muhummad (pbuh) learnt from waraqa - the relative of khadijah (ra) ? Answer: Muhummad's (pbuh) contacts with the jewish and christian scholars were very limited. The most prominent christian known to him was an old blind man called waraqa ibn-naufal who was a relative of the prophet's first wife khadijah (r.a.). Although of arab descent, he was a convert to christianity and was very well versed with the new testament.The prophet only met him twice, first when waraqa was worshipping at the kaaba (before the prophetic mission) and he kissed the prophet's forehead affectionately; the second occasion was when the prophet went to meet waraqa after receiving the first revelation. Waraqa died three years later and the revelation continued for about 23 years. It is ridiculous to assume that waraqa was the source of the contents of the qur'an.
Does only Allah know the sex of the child in the mother's womb?
ie: The Qur'an says that only Allah knows the sex of the child in the womb of the mother but now science has advanced and we can easily determine the sex of the child in the womb by ultrasonography. Isn't this verse of the Qur'an conflicting with medical science?
Answer: Allah is Omnipotent and Omniscient. Allah has granted knowledge of certain things to humankind. But Allah has knowledge of the seen as well as the unseen.
1. Allah has knowledge of all things
Many people believe that the Qur'an claims that Allah alone knows the sex of the child in the mother's womb. The Glorious Qur'an says:
"Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (alone). It is He who sends down Rain, and He who knows what is in the wombs...." [Al-Qur'an 31:34]
Muslims believe in the theory of abrogation,does this imply that God made a mistake and later on corrected it?
"None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: knowest thou not that Allah hath power over all things?"
A reference to this is also made in chapter 16 verse 101 of Surah Nahl. The Arabic word mentioned is ayat which means 'signs' or 'verses' and which can also mean 'revelations'. This verse of the Qur'an can be interpreted in two different ways:
a. The revelations that are abrogated are those revelations that were revealed before the Qur'an, for example the Torah, the Zaboor and the Injeel.
Here Allah (swt) says that He does not cause the previous revelations to be forgotten but He substitutes them with something better or similar, indicating that the Torah, the Zaboor and the Injeel were substituted by the Qur'an.
Doesn't Islam promote violence, bloodshed and brutality since the Qur'an says that Muslims should kill the kuffar where ever they find them?
1. Verse from Surah Taubah: The following verse from Surah Taubah is very often quoted by critics of Islam, to show that Islam promotes violence, bloodshed and brutality:
"Kill the mushriqeen (pagans, polytheists, kuffar) where ever you find them." [Al-Qur'an 9:5]
2. Context of verse is during battlefield
Critics of Islam actually quote this verse out of context. In order to understand the context, we need to read from verse 1 of this surah. It says that there was a peace treaty between the Muslims and the Mushriqs (pagans) of Makkah. This treaty was violated by the Mushriqs of Makkah. A period of four months was given to the Mushriqs of Makkah to make amends. Otherwise war would be declared against them. Verse 5 of Surah Taubah says:
"But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practise regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is oft-forgiving, Most merciful." [Al-Qur'an 9:5] This verse is quoted during a battle.
Does Islam believe in several gods because the Qur'an uses the word 'We' when God speaks in the Qur'an?
Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion. It believes in and adheres to uncompromising monotheism. It believes that God is one, and unique in His attributes. In the Qur'an, God often refers to Himself using the word 'We'. But this does not mean that Islam believes in the existence of more than one God.
Two types of plural
In several languages, there are two types of plurals, one is a plural of numbers to refer to something that occurs in a quantity of more than one. The other plural is a plural of respect.
a. In the English language, the Queen of England refers to herself as 'We' instead of 'I'. This is known as the 'royal plural'.
b. Similarly in Arabic, when Allah refers to Himself in the Qur'an, He often uses Arabic word 'Nahnu' meaning 'We'. It does not indicate plural of number but plural of respect.
Tawheed or monotheism is one of the pillars of Islam. The existence and uniqueness of one and only one God is mentioned several times in the Qur'an. For instance in Surah Ikhlas, it says : "Say He is Allah the One and Only." [Al-Qur'an 112: 1]